Fall of Sudan’s strongman sends signals to Biya, Museveni, others
The fall of Sudan’s strongman Omar al-Bashir Thursday morning elicited reactions from the global community with Mali’s Prime Minister Moussa Mara saying his “departure” shares the same principle with that of Algeria’s 82-year-old Abdelaziz Bouteflika who resigned as president following weeks of protest.
Prime Minister Mara, in a statement issued in response to an enquiry by The Guardian, said that the increasingly young and connected (and,therefore, demanding) African populations would be less and less tolerant with leaders as “special situations” become “detonators of these movements”.
“When a president, after 30 years in power, is still struggling to allow regular supply of basic necessities in his country and takes unbearable measures for the purse of the weakest, he will face a popular movement,” Mali’s Prime Minister Mara told The Guardian through one of his aides.
“It will be the same when he tries to stay in power despite disappointing results.” According to him, the Sudan experience is promising for democratic renewal and socio-economic progress for the continent.
Early morning reports had announced al-Bashir’s resignation and handover of power to the military council following months of protests across the country seen as one of the largest by landmass in Africa.
But the military council in subsequent statement by General Awad Ibn Auf claimed it had seized power from 75-year-old al-Bashir, who had been taken to a “safe place” after “toppling the regime.” He announced the formation of a two-year military-led transitional government.
“The armed forces will take power with representation of the people to pave the way for Sudanese people to live in dignity,” said Ibn Auf, the country’s vice president and defence minister who also declared a three-month state of emergency and the suspension of the 2005 Constitution.
The military council dissolved all Sudan’s government’s institutions plus the national assembly and national council of ministers. Interestingly, protesters who had staged a mass sit-in outside the complex to call for the army to support their bid to peacefully oust al-Bashir, yesterday rejected ‘military coup’ as announced by Ibn Auf.
The Sudanese Professionals Association (SPA), which has been spearheading the protests, insisted on continuing with the demonstrations just as it demanded the handover of power to a civilian transitional government to reflect the “forces of the revolution.”
Veteran international journalist John Chiahemen, while agreeing with Prime Minister Mara’s position in a chat with The Guardian Thursday night, said, “The world today is witnessing populist movements from Hungary to Italy and France and indeed to Britain and the United States — all changing the established political order.”
Sudan and other Arab-dominated states of Africa missed out on the tide of pro-democracy change that swept across the continent in the early 1990s, toppling military rulers or single-party regimes from Benin to Mali and further across Sub-Saharan Africa.
The country also managed to escape the Arab Spring democratic uprisings that began in Tunisia in December 2010 and quickly spread to Egypt, Libya, Syria, Yemen, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia and Jordan. “So, you could say al-Bashir was ousted by Arab Spring 2.0,” Chiahemen posits.
“The question remains how he would have imagined he could survive the unstoppable tsunami of popular revolt when much stronger peers like Muammar Gaddafi of Libya or Hosni Mubarak of Egypt could not.”
According to Mr. Chiahemen, popular uprisings of Sudan’s kind tend to produce ripple effects with an unexpected reach. He recalled that the pro-democracy movements in Sub-Saharan Africa came right on the heels of the fall of the Berlin Wall and the iron curtain. He warned that the interconnected world of Social Media and viral videos had made the globe a single village.
“Hopefully, the holdout dictators of Africa like Cameroon’s Paul Biya, Equatorial Guinea’s Teodoro Obiang Nguema and Yoweri Museveni of Uganda can hear the fire engines,” he said.
Source: The Guardian